Trends, challenges, and opportunities of Multiple-Representation in Science learning: a systematic literature review



The multiple-representation approach, central to this systematic literature review (SLR), aims to enhance the effectiveness of science learning. Conducted based on the PRISMA 2020 framework, this review analyzed 56 articles published between 2018 and 2022 from the Scopus and Web of Science (WoS) databases. The study uncovers a significant increase in the use of multiple representations to boost student understanding and engagement in science. Notably, it identifies specific challenges, such as integrating technology and pedagogical alignment, and opportunities including innovative educational tools and curriculum development. These findings bridge a critical research gap, offering valuable insights and a comprehensive guide for educators, researchers, and practitioners to meet the dynamic needs of evolving science education.


Learning effectiveness, multiple-representation, science learning, PRISMA 2020, systematic literature review

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